More women than ever are starting careers in science – Nature.com

  • NEWS
  • 05 August 2021

You have full access to this article via your institution.

A woman wearing coloured safety goggles can be seems framed by a tangle of wires and laser lab equipment A woman wearing coloured safety goggles can be seems framed by a tangle of wires and laser lab equipment

Quantum physicist Lisa Ringena makes adjustments to the Atom Trap Trace Analysis system at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics in Heidelberg, Germany.Credit: Lisi Niesner/Reuters

Women are more likely to start a research career now than they were 20 years ago, reveals a longitudinal study of the publishing records of millions of researchers around the world. But they are less likely to continue their academic careers than are their male contemporaries, and in general publish fewer papers.

Ludo Waltman, a quantitative scientist at Leiden University in the Netherlands, and his colleagues took a deep dive into the huge Scopus citation and abstract database, hosted by Elsevier. They looked at the publication careers of some six million researchers globally who had authored at least three papers between 1996 and 2018. The team posted its findings on the preprint server arXiv.org1.

The authors found that the proportion of women starting a career in science rose over time. In 2000, 33% of researchers starting their publishing career were women; that grew to 40% in recent years (see ‘Gender gap’). Waltman says that although the results are not surprising, it’s important that we now have concrete statistics confirming the trend for many countries and scientific disciplines.

Gender gap: The proportion of scientists starting their publishing careers who are women increased between 2000 and 2016. Gender gap: The proportion of scientists starting their publishing careers who are women increased between 2000 and 2016.

Source:

In the physical sciences, mathematics and engineering, male authors still made up a much higher proportion of authors than did women, even in more recent years (see ‘Differences by discipline’).

Career progression

Waltman and his team took their work further by tracking the researchers’ publication records to see whether they continued authoring scientific papers — a proxy for continuing a career in science. They discovered that women were less likely to continue publishing papers than were men, whatever year they began their careers.

But Waltman says his team was surprised — given that there is a well-known problem of fewer women than men progressing to senior roles in science — that women were only slightly less likely to continue to publish papers than were men. They found that 54% of women who started publishing in 2000 had dropped out 15 years later, as opposed to 52% of men

Differences by discipline: The proportion of women starting research careers has increased in nearly all fields. Differences by discipline: The proportion of women starting research careers has increased in nearly all fields.

Source:

Nevertheless, “while the length of the scientific careers of men and women is quite similar, there are important differences between men and women in the way in which their scientific careers develop”, he says. In general, men seemed to progress to senior roles — roughly judged by appearing as the last author on a paper — more quickly. On average, they also published 15–20% more papers than did women over the time span of the data, though there is wide variation across different fields.

One important limitation of the study was that it excluded data from India and China — which together account for around one-third of the world’s population — because the authors’ algorithms struggled to assign gender unambiguously to names from these nations. It also did not account for non-binary authors.

Positive picture

Flaminio Squazzoni, a sociologist at the University of Milan in Italy, agrees that the lack of data from India and China is a big gap. “It is probable that if we would have data on these two countries, the perspective on women academics could be slightly worse,” Squazzoni predicts.

Nevertheless, “it’s an honest study” and the Scopus database is a rich source of information, says Squazzoni. His own team published work this year showing that there is little gender bias in peer-review processes2. That, combined with this latest study, suggests that investments in gender-diversity schemes in science could be paying off, he says.

Waltman says that although the overall picture looks positive for more women entering science, it’s important to remember that the increase is an average over many countries and scientific disciplines, and that there is huge variation within the numbers. He is also keen to point out that scientific careers are about more than publication numbers. “The bibliometric lens through which many studies, including our own, look at diversity in science is a very narrow one,” he says.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-02147-9

References

Subjects

Latest on:

Nature Briefing

An essential round-up of science news, opinion and analysis, delivered to your inbox every weekday.

Source of this news: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02147-9

Related posts:

A lookback under the TA410 umbrella: Its cyberespionage TTPs and activity - We Live Security
ESET researchers reveal a detailed profile of TA410: we believe this cyberespionage umbrella group consists of three different teams using different toolsets, including a new version of the FlowClou...
God of War Could Be Coming To PC Soon, Reveals Leak - Gaming INTEL
You heard it right – Kratos and Atreus might finally be coming to PC if this new God of War leak is correct. 2018’s God of War was one of the best games of the last console generation but, because of...
What Is Hardware Security? Definition, Threats, and Best Practices - Toolbox
Hardware security is defined as the protection of physical devices from threats that would facilitate unauthorized access to enterprise systems. When it comes to day-to-day business operations, secur...
Global marketplace Trade Compliance Update and even July 2021 - Lexology
Text-based content is provided for educational moreover informational purposes only and it's not intended and should not possible be construed as legal advice. This can sound like qualify as "At...
KrebsOnSecurity Hit By Huge Very new IoT Botnet “Meris” , Krebs on Security instruction Krebs on Sec...
On Saturday evening, KrebsOnSecurity was the person of a rather massive (and mercifully brief) distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack. The breach came from “ Meris , ” the same newer botnet be...
TunnelBear Review: A VPN For The Rest Of Us - Mashable India
With privacy an ongoing concern, finding ways to safeguard your data and obscure your web browsing should be easy. Virtual Private Networks (VPN) have a long history among safety-minded internet user...
How to fix the Windows 11 proxy error [Quick fix] - WindowsReport.com
by Farhad Pashaei Author He has spent the last seven years tinkering with laptops, smartphones, printers, and projectors, as well as writing reviews about them. When he isn't writing, yo...
Windows 11 build 22000.100: Changes, fixes, and known issues - WindowsReport.com
by Alexandru Poloboc News Editor With an overpowering desire to always get to the bottom of things and uncover the truth, Alex spent most of his time working as a news reporter, anchor, ...
The Cacophony Of Many Different Server Markets - IT Jungle
September 13, 2021 Timothy Prickett Morgan Considering how skittery the global economy is, how wonky the world’s supply chains are, and how capricious spending by the big public clouds and the...
There are numerous ways You can Configure VPN in your own Brand New PS5 - PhoneWorld Magazine
The PlayStation 5, which was released in The fall of 2020, has captivated blu-ray fans worldwide. Despite the decrease in a built-in web browser, the foregoing PlayStation allows you to acc...
T-Mobile begins blocking iPhone drinkers from enabling iCloud Own Relay in the US [U] - 9to5Mac
Earlier today, a major report indicated that some European carriers were blocking the Private Relay feature introduced by Apple with iOS 15. This feature is designed to give users an additional...
Alta Turismo 7 Appears from Nvidia GeForce Now Outflow (Updated) - GTPlanet
Algorithm change: Nvidia contains responded to the leak, exclaiming that the list of titles to your platform is “used just for internal tracking and testing”, and that the inclusion of a lot ...
Israeli study on viral load, Delta infections, vaccinations and boosters - News-Medical.Net
Scientists from Israel have recently explored the effectiveness of two-dose and three-dose regimens of the BNT162b2 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine (Pfizer/BioNTech) to reduce viral load ...
Form 424B3 Nuvve Holding Corp. - StreetInsider.com
News and research before you hear about it on CNBC and others. Claim your 1-week free trial to StreetInsider Premium here. Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) Registration No. 333-254718 PROSPECTUS SU...
'I let the community down' viewpoint Kaseya CEO explains the server restart was spurred back followi...
Kaseya's CEO has apologised to its customers punch by last week's cyber-attack and says the restart from the VSA servers has been stressed back until Sunday to enable extra security measures to g...
Mutual TLS: Vital for Securing Microservices in a Service Mesh - Security Boulevard
Mutual TLS: Vital for Securing Microservices in a Service Meshbrooke.crothersThu, 04/28/2022 – 16:10 Why do you need mTLS? While TLS is being used to secure traffic between clients and servers on t...
How can you unblock websites in UAE? - Web Hosting | Cloud Computing | Datacenter | Domain News - Da...
UAE is a business hub acknowledged for its sleek skyscrapers. At the moment, UAE’s new political environment is getting influenced because of new cybersecurity threats.As per gulf businesses, four ou...
PolarProxy 0.9 Released - Security Boulevard
PolarProxy was previously designed to only run as a transparent TLS proxy.But due to popular demand we’ve now extended PolarProxy to also include a SOCKS proxy and a HTTP CONNECT proxy.PolarProxy a...

IP Rotating Proxy Onsale

SPECIAL LIMITED TIME OFFER

00
Months
00
Days
00
Hours
00
Minutes
00
Seconds
First month free with coupon code FREE30